The country is ‘on the verge of an apocalypse’

Opposition supporters of leader Ousmane Sonko clash with security forces during a protest in Dakar, Senegal 05 March 2021

Demonstrations like this one on Friday in the capital, Dakar, began on Wednesday

A top Senegalese official whose job is to settle conflicts has said the country is on a dangerous precipice after four days of protests left at least five young people dead.

Alioune Badara Cissé, known as the mediator of the republic, urged the authorities to stop threats and intimidation against the youth.

He also said the protesters should act peacefully and stop looting.

The unrest was triggered by the arrest of opposition leader Ousmane Sonko.

Mr Sonko appeared in court on Friday accused of disrupting public order. He also faces a rape allegation.

He denies the allegations and his supporters say the accusations are politically motivated.

Opposition supporters of leader Ousmane Sonko clash with security forces during a protest in Dakar, Senegal 5 March 2021

The protests have spread from Dakar to different parts of the country

The protests have also been fuelled by economic inequalities and concerns over young people’s standard of living.

In a press conference on Sunday, Mr Cissé said the authorities “need to pause and speak with our youth” and warned that “we are on the verge of an apocalypse”.

His statement came a day after a teenager in the southern city of Diaobe became the fifth person known to have died in clashes with security forces in various parts of the country.

But the respected mediator is warning of much more turmoil ahead unless the government acts fast to address the deepening poverty and lack of job prospects for the youth, the BBC’s Africa Editor Will Ross reports.

Police and protesters have clashed in unrest across Senegal

Police and protesters have clashed in the unrest across Senegal

On Friday, following violence in the capital, Dakar, and elsewhere, Interior Minister Antoine Felix Abdoulaye Diome vowed to use “all the means necessary for a return to order”.

Speaking on national TV, Mr Diome accused Mr Sonko of “issuing calls to violence”.

The opposition alliance known as the Movement to Defend Democracy (M2D), which is behind the demonstrations, has announced three further days of protests starting on Monday.

The West African regional group Ecowas has condemned the violence and called on “all parties to exercise restraint and remain calm” – adding that the authorities should “take the necessary measures to ease tensions and guarantee the freedom to demonstrate peacefully”.

Mr Sonko, 46, was accused of rape in February.

Police have used tear gas against protesters in the capital Dakar

Police have used tear gas against protesters in the capital Dakar

Following an investigation he was arrested on Wednesday and taken to court accompanied by a group of supporters.

Police said they then arrested him for disrupting public order when he refused to change his route to the court.

Mr Sonko says the allegations of rape are fabricated. He accuses President Macky Sall of trying to remove potential opponents ahead of the 2024 election.

Two other opposition leaders were excluded from the 2019 election after being convicted on charges which they say were politically motivated.

There are reports that Mr Sall may seek to change the constitution to allow him to run for a third term.

Ousmane Sonko, 46, is popular among Senegal's youth

Ousmane Sonko, 46, is popular among Senegal’s youth

Mr Sonko – who is particularly popular with young Senegalese – is the president’s only remaining serious challenger, says BBC Afrique’s Ndèye Khady Lo in Dakar.

In 2014 he founded his own political party, Pastef-Les Patriotes, and came third in the 2019 presidential election with 15% of the vote.

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